"Sum and Substance" simply defines that which is "essence." The quintessential nature, form, or uniqueness at the core of each painting is the carrot ever dangling in front of me. Though the geometry of each piece may unite them as a body or a family of paintings, it is in the development of each piece that its individuality is revealed. As a painter, I feel it is my responsibility to listen very carefully and remain open to engage in dialogue with the painting and thus the process of painting is an active response to inspiration and a giving of myself in trusting perseverance toward the revealing of its essence.